It is located in the province of Limón, in the Caribbean coast, 42 km south form Limón city.
Executive Decree No. 1236-A, created the park on September 7, 1970, with the name of Cahuita National Monument.
Has an area of 1.067 hectares in the land part and 22.400 hectares in the sea part.
Cahuita is located in the Tropical Basal Atlantic Region of Costa Rica and you can be sure that any other wild area of the country protects the resources of plants an animal present in this region as this. The park was created to protect the flora and wild life, the choral reef and several sea ecosystems. This is one of the areas with more beauty in the country because of it's white sand beaches, miles of coconuts, turquoise blue sea and choral reefs.
According to the classification of the life zones of Holdrige, the park is located inside life zone of the humid tropical forest. The park has several important habitats; the swamp forest, the mix forest, the mangle and the coast flora.
The choral reef has an extension of 600 hectares and goes all the way to "Punta Cahuita", between "Perezoso" River and Puerto Vargas. Part of the choral platform is submerging up to 11 Mts. over sea level.
According to studies after the earthquake on April 22, 1991, the reef platform emerges approximately 1 Mt. It is the most develop reef in the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica. You can find many species and sizes of color fishes, "erizos" and others.
The angel queen fish is one of the most beautiful of the reef. There are also others species very attractive like the French angelfish, the "Isabelita" and the blue parrotfish. Other species living in this habitat are the barracuda fish, the "remora", the mantaray, 3 different kinds of sharks, "Morenas", sea cucumber, that measures up to 30 cm of length, the lobster, the sponge, the white shrimp, the green turtle and the Carey turtle. In the Cahuita reef, it has been identify 35 choral species, 140 mollusks, 44 crustacean, 128 algaes and 123 fishes. The sea resources protected here are in a damage procedure cause by the big amount of sediments and agrochemical contamination move by the sea running to the choral reef.
Inside the wild life is very common to see the Congo monkeys, white face monkeys, the raccoons, the nutria and the "Pizote". Also several species of forest birds.