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Home > Biodiversity > National Parks > Juan Castro Blanco

Located in Alajuela province, east of Ciudad Quesada you can find Juan Castro Blanco National Park. Surrounded by the districts of Aguas Zarcas, Venecia, Zapote, Laguna, Tapezco, Palmira, Sarchi Norte, Toro Amarillo y Rio Cuarto. Has an extension of 14.258 hectares. It was created by means of the law No. 7297, of April 22, 1992.

This protected wild area has very important hydro sources for the north zone, human and industrial consumption and hydroelectric generation of power. The rivers Platanar, Toro, Aguas Zarcas, Tres Amigos and La vieja, among others are born in this place. Protects primary forest areas, divided in five zones of important flora and fauna species.

Inside this National Park are found important geo-morphological characteristics like caldrons, active volcano focus (Volcán Platanar), inactive volcano focus (Cerro Viejo and Cerro Pelón). Also, quaternary volcano cones, alluvial cones and alluvial sedimentary forms.

The vegetation of the zone is very diverse. Approximately 60% of the park are cover by primary forest with some patches of regeneration forest.

This forests are found in five zones of life according to the Holdridge classification: pre-mountainous pluvial forest in transition to pre-humid, mountainous pluvial forest in transition to humid, pre-mountainous humid forest in transition to pluvial, low mountainous pluvial forest and pre-mountainous pluvial forest.

Among the most surpassing species are the oak-tree and the quizarra. In the highest parts vegetation is cover with epifitas plants, which is a characteristic of cold, windy and humid climates.

In fauna the most surpassing species are birds like the Quetzal, the peacock, the black turkey, the "Chachalaca"; mammals like the goats, monkeys, armadillos, the "Tepescuintle", dantas and some species of felines.


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